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Panchayat

Administration “The end to be sought is human happiness combined with full mental and moral growth. I use the adjective   moral as synonymous with spiritual. This end can be achieved under decentralization. Centralization as a  system is inconsistent with a non-violent structure of society.”  Mahatma Gandhi ( Harijan, 18-1-1942)  Decentralization efforts through out India have shown good results in improving quality of life and developments in rural areas. Giving  powers and adequate financial supports to local self-governments has been an important milestone in the process of decentralization.  Introduction of Panchayati Raj system in our Country have made the process of decentralization more powerful and meaningful.                        Kerala is one of the promising States in encouraging the Panchayati Raj initiatives in India.  At present, Kerala has three-tier system of  local self-government system as per the Kerala Panchayati Raj act, 1994. Grama Panchayat, Block Panchayat and District Panchayat.                                                                                      Grama Panchayat (Tier 1) is the local self-government at the level of village or small town. In urban areas, Municipality and  Corporation is the body for local self-government.  A committee of elected members performs the administration of Grama Panchayat  supported by the departmental staff.   The President elected by the governing committee is the administrative head of the Grama Panchayat. Different standing committees,  steering committees, working committees and subcommittees are constituted with the elected members of the Grama Panchayat.   The Chief Executive Officer of the Grama Panchayat is the Secretary, will be the Secretary of the Governing Committee, Standing  Committee and the Steering Committee. The Secretary heads the Grama Panchayat office and to help the Secretary in administration  there will be Superintendent, Head Clerks, Upper Division Clerks, Lower Division Clerks, and Peons.  The essential and basic part of the Panchayat Raj is Grama sabha, which is the general assembly of the residents of a region.  Panchayat member of particular ward is the convener of the Gramsabha, and calls the Grama sabha and various matters concerning  to the particular ward are discussed in the meeting and reported to the Gram Panchayat for further actions.  Block Panchayat (Tier 2) is the body, which consists of multiple Grama Panchayats at the block level or tehsil level.  The Block Panchayat President, elected by the members of the Block Panchayat is the administrative head of the block panchayat.  Different Standing Committees and Steering Committee are constituted with the elected members of the block panchayat to help the  President in the administration.  The Block Panchayat Secretary is the Chief Executive Officer of the Block Panchayat and the Secretary is assisted by a team of  officers and staff in day-to-day administration of the Block Panchayat.   District Panchayat (Tier 3) is the body, which consists of multiple block panchayats at the District level.   The District Panchayat President, elected by the members of the District Panchayat is the administrative head of the district  panchayat. Different Standing Committees and Steering Committee are constituted with the elected members of the distirct panchayat  to help the President in the administration.  The District Panchayat Secretary is the Chief Executive Officer of the District Panchayat and the Secretary is assisted by a team of  officers and staff in day-to-day administration of the District Panchayat. 
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